If you are looking for a better Web Designing and Development career, a collection of HTML interview Questions and Answers for Freshers and Intermediate level developers can take you one large step closer to your dream job.
Frontend job interviews are quiet different in comparison to a typical Software engineer job interview, as there is less emphasis on algorithms and only focus on deep knowledge and expertise about the domain.
So, without wasting a minute anymore, Let’s start with the basics of HTML 5 interview questions and answers to maximize the chance to get a perfect match-
Note*** In this ultimate list of HTML interview questions and answers, Some explanations have been extracted from the references word-for-word, and only rephrased for your clarity and better understanding.
HTML Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers:-
Q0. Explain ‘doctype’ for HTML5?
doctype is an integral part of HTML and abbreviation for a document type. Its presence tells the browser, as the web page’s code is downloaded completely, parse it and render the webpage in the standard mode.
In simple words, just add <!DOCTYPE html> to the start of your HTML page.
Q1. What is HTML?
HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is the standard markup language for creating Web pages. It is a standard text formatting language that is used to provide a structure to web pages.
Using HTML, we develop and display pages on the Web. HTML makes the text more dynamic and interactive. It can turn text into tables, images, links, forms etc. We create HTML pages by saving a text file as a HTML file ending with name .htm or .html.
Q2. What are HTML tags?
- The ‘<’ and ‘>’ are known as angle brackets while the ‘/’ symbol known as ‘Slash’.
Q3. What is the difference between HTML elements and tags?
|The element is an individual component of the web pages or HTML documents that are defined within and including the start tag and the end tag. Elements represent unique context in an HTML document. For example, the body element represents the body of a document.||Tags are used to develop HTML documents. HTML tags are created with only 3 things: Opening tag, Content and Ending tag. For example, the Paragraph tag is used to contain all the paragraph elements in the HTML file.|
Q4. What are Attributes in HTML and how do you use them?
Attributes are the inner-part of HTML tags. Each tag has a rich set of attributes that change the behavior of the tag or how it will get to display. A simple example <input/> tag. The <input/> tag has a ‘type’ attribute, and the element changes its functionality as we change the value of its ‘type’ attribute.
All attributes and their values are specified directly after the name of the tag, inside the two angled brackets. They should only ever appear in opening tags of HTML elements or in self-closing tags. As, they can never be in closing tags.
Q5: What are some common lists in HTML?
There are a number of lists that are used to design a web page. We can choose any or a combination of the following list types in HTML:
Q6. When are comments used in HTML?
As comments do not get displayed in the browser, there are different use cases of using comments in HTML. To understand the code easily, we add code comments to your HTML document. These are not get displayed in the browser, but they help us in leaving notes for ourselves and other developers as to what a section of HTML is for.
Q7. What is the difference between <div> and <span> in HTML?
|A div or division element is a block-level element that creates a line-break before and after it and is majorly used to group larger chunks of code.
The div should be used to wrap one or multiple sections of a document.
<div>Hi, Let’s design the Layout</div>
|The span is an in-line element and it is used to display a chunk of HTML elements or text in a line, such as a paragraph.
We use spans to wrap small portions of text, images, or anything in a line.
<span>Hello, I’m here</span>
Q8) How tags are migrated from HTML4 to HTML5?
HTML5 has come into the picture with a number of essential new elements. Here are a few of them-
- HTML4 Menu:
- HTML5 Menu:
Q9) What are different new ‘form element’ types in HTML5?
HTML5 is enriched with a number of new elements, and here is a list of 10 new important elements in HTML 5:
- Color : <input type=”color“>
- Date : <input type=”date“>
- Datetime-local : <input type=”datetime-local“>
- Email : <input type=”email“>
- Time : <input type=”time“>
- Url : <input type=”url“>
- Range : <input type=”range“>
- Telephone : <input type=”tel“>
- Number : <input type=”number“>
- Search : <input type=”search“>
Q10) How to insert a copyright symbol on a browser page?
To insert a copyright symbol on a web page, we need to write © or © piece of code in an HTML file.
Note***: The ‘&’ symbol is pronounced as ‘ampersand’ in English and ‘;’ symbol as ‘semicolon’.
So far, we learned the Top 10 HTML interview questions and answers for freshers-
Q7. What is the difference between
I hope you enjoyed it. Don’t forget to Check the next part, here we’ll continue learning more relevant and important topics of HTML, like Canvas, SVG, Graphics, and more-
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